António Egas Moniz

Lived between

1874 – 1955 (71 years old)





António Caetano de Abreu Freire Egas Moniz was born António Caetano de Abreu Freire de Resende, popularly known as António Egas Moniz was born in Avanca, municipality of Estarreja, in 1874, and died in Lisbon at the age of 71.

He was a neurologist, researcher, politician, teacher and portuguese writer. A full professor at the University of Coimbra he became known worldwide for developing brain angiography, an innovative technique for visualizing the blood vessels of the brain, and prefrontal leucotomy.

He took over the post of Chief Life Medical Officer of the Insurance Company “A Nacional” from the beginning in 1906, accumulating the status of founding shareholder of the insurance company. In this condition, he was elected to the Board of Directors, remaining a member of the management staff until the end of his life.

At that time, the chief medical officer was of paramount importance in the Life insurance business. In the case of Dr. Egas Moniz his first report, in 1907, was transcribed in the foreign specialized press.

He won the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine in 1949.